The 5 Key Elements of Landscape Design

The 5 Key Elements of Landscape Design


5 Key Elements in Your Landscape Design

What makes garden design a stand out? Is it the variety of plants and grasses that cover the whole yard? Is it the fence that seems to frame the whole garden? Or is it the fountain that sits right in the middle of every plant, grass, and evergreen?

The answer is not on the individual element that fills up the garden but how these individual elements are combined to make a great looking landscape design. How can one achieve this?

Here are the 5 key elements that your designs must posses in order to secure that it will become a stand out:

Unity and Harmony

Unity or Harmony means that all the components in the design should go together as one and must express consistency and style. All the components should, therefore, fit in a theme making them work together to create a harmonious combination of colors, lines, bents, and elements. This is the most important thing that should achieve in the over all design.

To achieve unity, repetition and mass planting can be used in the landscape design. Although unity can be easily associated within the bounds of aesthetics, functionality of every components used should also be taken into a great account. Thus, unity or harmony brings together every thing that is used in a garden design without spoiling the practicality and compromising the beauty.

Focal Point

A design would not be complete without a focal point. A focal point gives direction the lines and bents and gives definition not only to the whole garden design, but also to every area within the plan.

There are popular landscape focal points like a big tree or a flower bed, a pool or a pond, and a fountain or artificial waterfalls. The focal point in a design should direct the traffic in the garden area.


Proportion refers to the size of the parts of the design in respect to one another, to the garden design as a whole, and to the property, structures, and human elements. For example, a small waterfall will be lost at the middle of a big garden with large trees and shrubs. A large oak on the other hand may not compliment a one-story house.

The point is, the relationship of each part should be within the reasonable size and should not dominate the presence of the others.

Symmetry and Balance

This is another very important element that can throw off the entire plan if not used properly. There are some elements within a designs that may look a bit restless and uncomfortable.

This is because they lack symmetry and balance. The curves, bents and lines are tiring; the use of plants and ground overlays are inappropriate; and repetition of all the elements does not have a variety.

To achieve balance, the design should have a good use of line, shape, texture, form, and color all at the same time. The repetition should vary from one area to another, and the plants and ground overlays should be in tune with all the other elements of the design.


The design should not be overdone just to stand out from the entire neighborhood. Simplicity is the key. It also goes with the faithful regards to 4 mentioned key elements.


You can apply the 5 Elements of Landscape Design to whatever design you choose, it may be that you have to simplify a design or adjust it slightly to ensure that it works but whatever you think of you can create.


Share this post

WhatsApp chat